Mammuthus creticus. The dwarf mammoth.

 When you tell a woman that looks like a mammoth, she'll think you're saying fat, at least. But if you tell a man, surely he will think you are calling strong and big ... and perhaps hairy. But that's not true, not all mammoths were large and strong and hairy. We saw that some mammoths reached 5 meters in height and 9 long and weighed 12 tons. We referred to the largest species, the Sungari mammoth ("Mammoth Songhua River"). But like I said, there are different species. Possibly the smallest species of the order of the Proboscidea (Mammoth) is the Mammuthus creticus which as its name suggests, lived on the island of Crete.
Lived 3.5 million years ago on the island. And "If you could rebuild, it would be like a baby elephant, but stouter, with thicker members and look chubby. Would have had a lock of adult tusks," Herridge said in a statement from the Natural History Museum in London.

Not exceed one meter high, and basically be like an adult but about 5 times smaller and lighter, and less hairy.
Apparently, size dwarf was a response to the lack of resources of the islands, because apart from Crete remains have been found in other Mediterranean islands.

Another adaptation to the climatic characteristics of the Mediterranean islands, was the removal of the protective layer of hair. It had hair like his predecessors. Keep in mind that the climate of this island is quite pleasant and seldom falls below zero.

The colonization of the Mediterranean islands occurred in successive drainage schemes in the Mediterranean, up to 10 times in the last 6 million years, or lowered sea level, which facilitated the passage between them and the European continent.


One of the most curious of the fascinating world of evolution is the change that antique land mammals staged to enter a world of water in seas and oceans, and that over time, evolved and became what is now the animal in the world: the blue whale.

The mammal most representative of the change of land to water is the Ambulocetus (Ambulocetus natans) which together with others of the same genus shows how did this peculiar evolution.

This animal was baptized thoroughly. Your name (Ambulocetus) literally means "walking whale." And it was called so because it has traits of cetaceans. For example: it has no external ears, but special ones like whales, and also had some adaptation in the nose that kept eating even submerged, not swallow water.

Ambulocetus was no more than three meters, and having no external ear, is thought to be similar to hunting crocodiles. This animal was receiving at the soft part of his body vibration of animals came to drink water or other pass you by.

Instead, it swam like a crocodile, but rather as a whale or an otter, that is, moving the vertical tail and wavy. Moreover, not walk out of the water like this, their legs were straight, like those of a grizzly bear.

This prehistoric animal, half way between terrestrial and aquatic mammals, lived 50 million years ago (middle Eocene) in what is now Pakistan, which once stood in the Indian Ocean.

This video is in French (I have not found anything better), but it looks good.

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